Dr. George Brathwaite

Persistent Struggle Against US Imperialism (Part 1)

usimperialismThe death of Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz is being celebrated and mourned for many different reasons across the globe. His impact on the contours of global politics will surely live on for many generations to come, particularly that his life was marked with the struggle against American imperialism and the fight for liberation inside and outside of Cuba. Many in Barbados, accustomed to the diet of western propaganda and United States hegemony, would hardly be aware that Cuba’s anxiety was long held for more than 100 years. This article is Part One of a story on Cuba and its revolutionary leader Fidel Castro.

Cuba’s evolution saw a country and people enmeshed against colonisation and re-colonisation. Between 1868-78 there was the so called Ten Years War of Independence which ended in a truce with Spain promising reforms and greater autonomy. However, the promises made by Spain were mostly never met. In 1886, slavery was abolished in Cuba. Then between 1895-98 another icon, Jose Marti led a second war of Independence, and this time, the US declared war on Spain. It so happened that in 1898, the US defeated Spain. Spain gave up all claims to Cuba and ceded the great Caribbean island to the US. The Spanish-American War was a conflict between the US and Spain that ended Spanish colonial rule in the Americas.

The US dominance over Cuba’s political economy and socio-economic culture rose sharply for the next 50 years. The formal military occupation of Cuba by the US began on 1 January 1899. The ensuing agreements established with Cuba gave the US a position of hegemony on the island. This dominance manifested itself most thoroughly in Cuba’s sugar industry, which acted as the backbone of its economy. It was even stated by at least one US President prior to Cuban Independence, the aspiration for having Cuba politically annexed to the US.

It must be noted that by the turn of the 20th century, the US no longer wanted to annex Cuba, but the island was too important economically and strategically to the US to not be within the American orbit. To justify its economic control over Cuba, the US used the rhetoric and representation of race, culture and gender to control Cuba and ensure it was firmly within the American sphere of influence. For the first 20 years of the 20th Century, the US intervened in the internal affairs of Cuba. Cuba had become an independent nation in 1902 with Tomas Estrada Palma as its president. However, the Platt Amendment kept the island under US protection and gave the US the right to intervene in Cuban affairs.

Freedom from the imperialist intent of the US, notwithstanding any form of US assistance such as the 1912 military return to Cuba to help put down black protests on discrimination, can arguably account for Castro’s emergence as the Cuban Revolution leader. Throughout much of the period leading up to 1959, Cuba was saddled with all sorts of problems including widespread US-inspired corruption. In January 1959, Castro gave an early exposition of his program for safeguarding the Cuban economy. In fact, as early as 1953 when Castro stated that “history will absolve me,” he made a critique of Cuba’s socio-economic failings. He promised to deal with income inequities, dependence on the USA, slow economic growth and unemployment. He was to press for land reform, nationalization of utilities, improved tax collection, improved health and education, economic diversification and housing.

In the rural areas, poor housing, poor nutrition, and inadequate educational and medical facilities were common. Cuba had become the playground for rich American adventurers willing to spoil and deface the dignity of a country for their own selfish desires. Fidel Castro by 1959 was totally against this woeful debacle, and for the second time, led a militant group to overthrow the Fulgencio Batista dictatorship.

Castro was not a Marxist or Communist at the time of Revolution. He was, while in exile from Cuba, heavily influenced after 1954 by the former Argentinian medical doctor – Che Guevara – who he met in Mexico. Guevara became a militant guerrilla, fighting imperialism and the subjugation of peoples in Latin America. Castro’s determined attitude combined with the strategizing of Guevara changed the fortunes of Cuba ever since 1959. It was only in 1965 that Cuba’s sole political party was renamed the Cuban Communist Party. By 1972, Cuba became a full member of the Soviet-based Council for Mutual Economic Assistance.

Politically, Castro’s main issue was always about Cuban nationalism and combatting the exploitative relations that flourished between Cuba and the hegemonic US. For the Cuban people, it was an issue which produced ambivalence, because of the strong feelings of resentment against American domination combined with a fear of the consequences of challenging American power. Arguably, it was in this context that a charismatic Fidel Castro could ignite the imaginations of the Cuban people and become a counter-hegemonic force to US skulduggery.

Indeed, it remains a Cuban tradition, as in many other Latin American countries, to respect the strong leader as we have seen with the likes of Juan Perón (Argentina), Hugo Chavez (Venezuela) Augusto Pinochet (Chile) and Luiz ‘Lula’ Da Silva (Brazil). Once Castro committed himself to a socialist system for Cuba, the revolution inevitably developed further in a totalitarian direction. In Cuba, as elsewhere, the road to socialism thus proved irreconcilable with an open society and representative democracy. Many aspects of the revolution can only be explained by the character of their leader.

That Cuba experienced several fluctuating episodes of development and backwardness since 1952 speaks to the ardent need and priority with which Fidel Castro placed the maintenance of political stability on the post-Revolution regime. Castro employed several strategies, both for pragmatism and the need to deliver on economic reforms. The first development strategy ran from 1961 to 1963 and was aimed at instant industrialization; this proved unrealistic and was aborted.

A second strategy was adopted in 1964 aimed at a 10-million-ton sugar harvest by 1970. This approach led to the sacrifice of much of the rest of the economy and was terminated in 1970. A more balanced approach was then adopted following generous Soviet economic assistance. But by 1986, stagnation set in. In response, Castro directed a ‘Rectification Program’ and this was adopted from 1986 to 1990. There was much organizational re-centralization, a vastly reduced use of market mechanisms, and a re-emphasis on moral appeals and incentives.

Change began slowly in 1959 under the first post-Revolutionary government headed by President Manuel Urrutia but accelerated after Fidel Castro took over the Presidency in July. Of greatest significance in that period was the first agrarian reform law. The key parts authorized the expropriation and redistribution of landholdings of more than 996 acres. The land confiscated included some 480,000 acres owned by US corporations. In fact, it was not until October, 1963 that socialism replaced capitalism in rural Cuba; it was more difficult to deal with the ‘colonos’ and peasants than with the bourgeoisie, many of whom simply left Cuba. Agricultural problems, especially food shortages, became so severe that the government enacted the Second Agrarian Reform Law, giving the government control over well over 70 percent of Cuba’s total farm land.

The US tightened its fists against Cuba with an embargo. The Soviet Union quickly replaced the United States as Cuba’s chief trading partner and the Socialist countries dominated Cuba’s export and import patterns. Initially the Revolutionary leadership welcomed the US embargo and down-played its potential negative impacts, arguing that it would hurt the United States more than Cuba. By the end of 1960, the Cuban economy had been transformed into a state-owned economy in which central planning was the organizing force

There were several effective reforms and expansions that came in education and health. Of special note is the literacy campaign of 1961that provided functional literacy to about 700,000 Cuban adults. Support for the revolution increased throughout the countryside, and with the passage of the Rent Reduction Act, the situation resulted in the transfer of about 15 percent of the national income from property owners to wage workers and peasants.

A literacy campaign sent thousands of young volunteers to rural areas. Literacy was increased, and the young supporters of the revolution learned first-hand about the conditions of the rural areas. The new government also began building hundreds of new schools and training thousands of additional teachers. Health care was extended to the entire population for the first time with the construction of rural clinics and hospitals. Many private and racially segregated facilities such as clubs and beaches were opened to the public.

As early as 1959, Fidel Castro spoke about the need to free women from domestic slavery so that they could participate widely in production to the benefit of women themselves and the Revolution. Over the next 20 years the government increased women’s educational opportunities and labour force participation, while providing more and more services to lighten domestic chores for those who worked outside the home. In the early 1970s, Cuba went one step farther than any other socialist nation by enacting the Cuban Family Code, which made husband and wife equally responsible for housework and child care.

These radical social and economic measures carried out in the first years of the revolution often involved mass mobilizations, which served to unite the poor majority of Cuban citizens behind the government. By the end of the 1980s, and with the collapse of the Berlin Wall and ‘perestroika’ (restructuring) happening in in the Soviet Union, the economic ‘melt-down’ of the Cuban economy hastened. Despite weak economic performance, Cuba’s socio-economic improvement was significant. Indeed, the 1970 to 1986 period perhaps could be called the “golden age” of Cuban socialism.

(Please note that several of the claims asserted herein are an aggregation of several studies on Cuba; not all points are originally conceptualised by this author. Next week, I continue with Part 2. Also, wishing all Barbadians at home and abroad a very happy 50th Independence).

(Dr George C. Brathwaite is a part-time lecturer in Political Science at the UWI-Cave Hill Campus, and a political consultant. Email: brathwaitegc@gmail.com )

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52 Comments on “Persistent Struggle Against US Imperialism (Part 1)”

  1. David November 29, 2016 at 9:45 AM #

    WTO Panel Rules US Tax Incentive to Boeing a Prohibited Subsidy

    by caribbeantradelaw

    Photo source: Pixabay Alicia Nicholls In the latest saga of the on-going battle between aircraft giants Airbus and Boeing, a World Trade Organisation (WTO) dispute settlement body panel on November 28, 2016 has ruled that Washington State’s business and occupation (B&O) aerospace tax rate for the manufacturing or sale of commercial airplanes under Boeing’s 777X programme 777x […]

    Read more of this post

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  2. chad99999 November 29, 2016 at 11:14 AM #

    I wish social democrats who are sympathetic to Castro would not keep insisting that he was not a Marxist when he took power.

    How would you know that? Just because that was his public position? Just because you think it is a useful rhetorical device that helps to make your tributes to Castro more persuasive?

    In the era of Trumpism, let us try to renounce the unnecessary lies that contaminate political discourse.

    Like

  3. chad99999 November 29, 2016 at 11:23 AM #

    The WTO ruling is a waste of time, as its practical consequences will be zero.

    However, the ruling reminds us of the resources wasted on the legal wrangling around trade. In a world of scarcity, the money spent on lawyers is obscene.

    Like

  4. peterlawrencethompson November 29, 2016 at 11:25 AM #

    @chad99999
    There is evidence that Castro was not a Marxist when he took power, including his own public statements. I have not come across any evidence that he was a Marxist when Batista fled. So incomplete evidence beats no evidence. “Let us try to renounce the unnecessary lies that contaminate political discourse.”

    Like

  5. Dompey November 29, 2016 at 11:27 AM #

    Chad 9999

    Didn’t Castro reached out to America after the revolution and wasn’t he vehemently rebuffed? And didn’t America repudiation forced Castro and Che to look towards the Soviet Union?

    Like

  6. Truth November 29, 2016 at 11:31 AM #

    NEWS
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    As a student of philosophy, I cannot admire Fidel Castro
    Nov 29, 2016 Features / Columnists, Freddie Kissoon 0 Comments

    I don’t care how much equality, health care and education opportunities Fidel Castro gave to the Cuban people, his 50 years in control of Cuba (to be precise it was a few months shy of half a century) did not make Cuba a shining example for other countries to follow. His long rule did not make Cuba a paradise for others to emulate. After 50 years of domination, Cuba under Castro came close to being a failure.

    People loved Castro for different reasons, and it would take dozens of columns to explain the nature of Castro and the nature of his rule. Castro became a world phenomenon not because he made Cuba a classless society where all Cubans enjoyed freedoms in all senses of the word – political, economic, social, cultural, psychological – but because he stood up to the US.

    We loved Castro because in the Cuba
    for countless souls, he stood up to the might of Yankee power. But even if you justify loving Castro for that reason, you have to ask yourself if Castro’s courage against the Americans brought freedom, liberty and justice to the Cuban people. It did not.

    A majority of those people who loved and worshipped Cuba would not want to live the type of life the average Cuban lived under Castro. Is life only about food on the table, a house to live in, and a healthy life for your family? I think I have a little insight into what meaning humans bring to their lives. I think I have some understanding of how the average person sees human existence. Yes, people want to be free from the burden of poverty. But even the poorest person cherishes liberty, and liberty is a philosophically based value. Liberty is not an economic phenomenon only.

    The average person, since time immemorial, yearns for a life that is based on individual choice. There was no such value under Castro. Castro brutally took away philosophical choice. He gave the Cubans free education, free housing, free transportation, free medical care. But that was it. He took away the essence of philosophy in them.
    Cubans couldn’t live where they wanted, couldn’t change profession or occupation if they wanted, couldn’t visit any country they would have liked to, couldn’t read any literature they desired, couldn’t embrace any type of art they chose to; couldn’t buy and wear their preferred fashion. No country is free and could be described as free if its people live with such restrictions.

    Only one citizen had the choice of embarking on a path he wanted without the intervention of the State regulating his choice and that was Castro. Funny that in Cuba, a citizen couldn’t sell his house in the city and live an introverted life by the sea, or leave the medical profession and become a permanent rural grower of tomatoes.
    Permanency belonged to one man only – Fidel Castro. Only he was allowed to have a permanent profession – ruler for life. It is incomprehensible that people who admired and loved Castro couldn’t see through his dark, pathological obsession with power. Why would any person want to rule his/her country for fifty years? Isn’t something deadly Freudian about such a human?

    I love reading about the hundreds of millions who love Castro, but they would not live in a country whose ontology resembles Cuba

    http://www.kaieteurnewsonline.com/2016/11/29/as-a-student-of-philosophy-i-cannot-admire-fidel-castro/

    Like

  7. Dompey November 29, 2016 at 11:31 AM #

    Chad9999

    I haven’t read anywhere that Castro was ever influenced by Marx, Lenin, Stalin or Mao etc.

    Like

  8. Sargeant November 29, 2016 at 11:41 AM #

    Fidel Castro (Dec.2/1961) declared:

    I am a Marxist Leninist and I will be one until the last day of my life

    Like

  9. Dompey November 29, 2016 at 11:45 AM #

    Truth on

    Castro may not have been as dictatorial as some may have us to believe because isn’t a fact that a lot of the African dictators believe that they’re also to rule until death, but are overthrown and at times killed. Why had this not been the case in Castro Cuba? Isn’t it a fact that the majority of Cubans do love Castro?

    Like

  10. Dompey November 29, 2016 at 12:00 PM #

    Sergeant

    So what! I haven’t read anywhere that Castro was influenced by the Marxist leninist ideology even when he was a student at Havana University.

    Like

  11. Dompey November 29, 2016 at 12:04 PM #

    Sergeant

    It was America rejection of the revolution- which forced Castro and Che to resorted to the Soviet Union and then China’s brand of communism.

    Like

  12. Vincent Haynes November 29, 2016 at 1:31 PM #

    In that era their were no good guys or bad guys every one was out for power…..my readings of that era was that the US govt. wanted the Mafia out and Batista would not cooperate,pale middle class Castro was supported in his plans to lead a revolution then a fall out occured between him and his backers,so he found new ones….a synopsis in brief on the revolution…..below is his sisters take.
    ……………………………………………………..

    Fidel Castro’s U.S. sister Juanita will not go to Cuba for his funeral
    1-dot
    dailymail.co.uk · In 1964, she accused him of turning Cuba into ‘an…
    http://www.dailymail.co.uk/~/article-3975062/index.html

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  13. Dompey November 29, 2016 at 1:44 PM #

    Vincent Haynes

    believe me when I tell you that I have to read everything about Castro and this begun from his days at Havana University, to his many visits to Brooklyn prior to the revolution, and during the revolution with Che Guevara, to the Bay of Pigs, the missile crisis, the connection between him and Lee Harvey Oswald, to the plotted by the US government to use mafia boss Sam Giancana to kill him, and the CIA as well as the FBI to kill him it’s cetera. But I have never read anywhere which even suggest that Castro was influenced by the marxist-leninist ideology anytime prior to the revolution.

    Like

  14. NorthernObserver November 29, 2016 at 2:14 PM #

    What the author fails to mention, and maybe it will be in Part 2, is the role of the Cuban army in guaranteeing the respect he speaks of. In Cuba conformance is not an option.

    Like

  15. David November 29, 2016 at 2:22 PM #

    Why do Westerners subscribe to the view that our system of government is better?

    Imagine China with its vast land space and illiterate population. How does our style of government work in such a scenario.

    Like

  16. chad99999 November 29, 2016 at 2:44 PM #

    Why would any person want to rule his country for fifty years?

    Because it takes at least that much time to be sure your political work will not be rapidly undone by the incompetent fools who succeed you.

    Castro literally tried to remake “human nature” in Cuba. The New Man was supposed to be able to see through the superficial pleasures of Western-style consumerism, so that he would be governed by intrinsic motivations, not the dollar bills that drive behavior in America.

    Takes a very long time to refashion Nature.

    Like

  17. chad99999 November 29, 2016 at 2:51 PM #

    In a 1987 book review entitled “Cuba and Its Critics,” Saul Landau referred to an interview he had had with Castro revealing his early dedication to communism. According to Landau, “Fidel Castro in 1968 explained to me that he had become a Marxist from the very time that he read the Communist Manifesto in his student days, and a Leninist from the period when he read Lenin while in prison on the Isle of Pines in 1954.”

    Source: http://www.latinamericanstudies.org/diaz-verson.htm

    Like

  18. Hal Austin November 29, 2016 at 2:56 PM #

    David,
    Not a single one of the leading economies in the world is a liberal democracy. The nearest we have is the US. which is growing on its immigrant population which offsets the demographic timebomb and Germany, which benefits from lending money to Southern Europeans to buy its expensive products.. Tell that to Trump.

    Like

  19. Well Well & Consequences November 29, 2016 at 3:05 PM #

    “The era of Trumpism”…, as gushed by Chad of nines…means more and more lies, distortion of reality, disrespecting and ignoring the 1st amendment to the constitution, ignoring the rights of the people.., it’s time to invoke the 25th amendment. ,,, the very day of inauguration, if it gets that far.

    http://www.nydailynews.com/news/politics/donald-trump-dumber-fourth-grader-flag-burning-article-1.2891322

    I dont know who is dumber..Chad or Trump..lol

    Like

  20. David November 29, 2016 at 3:18 PM #

    > The US has Trump and BIM has plenty water this Independence. The Garrison > has been reduced to a quagmire. Traffic is reduced to a crawl. Life in the > tropics! > > #welcomeprinceharry >

    >

    Like

  21. chad99999 November 29, 2016 at 3:22 PM #

    WW&C

    is still licking her wounds from the cut-arse Crooked Hillary took earlier this month.

    I am not gushing. And The Donald is not lying, although he is neither an academic or an intellectual, and does not bother to check the veracity of his information sources when launching a self-interested claim.

    So he has drawn attention to the fact that a lot of illegal (Mexican) immigrants vote in US elections. That is hard to prove without access to inside information controlled by 50 state governments, but “everybody knows” it is probably true. The fact that he is questioning the integrity of an election he won is a testament to his plain-spokenness.

    Go Trump!!

    Like

  22. Well Well & Consequences November 29, 2016 at 3:28 PM #

    Ya talking rubbish Chad…I want to see Killary in prison and Trump sitting right beside her, there was no win for either ofmthe 2 criminals, just an opening of eyes fir the American people, that an idiot must never be elected again, the electoral college needs and upgrade.

    “That is hard to prove without access to inside information controlled by 50 state governments, but “everybody knows” it is probably true.”

    Does that statement make any sense to you Chad. ..of course it does, which leads me right back to my original statement….ah dont know who is dumber, you Chad or Trump…lol

    Like

  23. chad99999 November 29, 2016 at 3:48 PM #

    “The average person, since time immemorial, yearns for a life that is based on individual choice…Cubans couldn’t live where they wanted, couldn’t change profession or occupation if they wanted, couldn’t visit any country they would have liked to, couldn’t read any literature they desired, couldn’t embrace any type of art they chose to; couldn’t buy and wear their preferred fashion.”

    This passage mixes the substantial with the trivial.
    How many Barbadians can (a) “visit any country they would like?” (b) “embrace any type of art they choose?” Do these things really matter to 99% of the population? Most people can’t afford (a) and couldn’t care less about (b).
    In North America, changing your profession is practically impossible for anyone who isn’t a substantial property owner or an independent professional. Your resume will be used against you because most jobs require previous experience in your field, or a newly minted (and very expensive) university degree.
    So it comes down to choice of neighborhood and choice of reading material. OK regarding the former, but how did Castro regulate the latter?

    Like

  24. Dompey November 29, 2016 at 4:56 PM #

    Chad 9999

    You’re missing the point because whether or not Castro secretly espoused his communist views in 1954, it really doesn’t matter. What you ought to be asking yourself is what was Castro primary motivation for liberating Cuba from vice grip of European economic exploitation? Was it to impose his totalitarian ideas on the Cuban people? I doubt very much because there isn’t any evidence to support the view that Castro was influenced a communist ideology in his college years, or during his attempts to overthrow Batista.

    Like

  25. Joe "Bobby" Alleyne November 29, 2016 at 5:01 PM #

    “So it comes down to choice of neighborhood and choice of reading material. OK regarding the former, but how did Castro regulate the latter?”

    Are you serious? Do you think that English-speaking Cubans can read this very blog, or read the untold galaxies of wisdom and bullshit on the web? If you find that a tough question, let me help. The answer is no, they can’t. The revolution will die of self-obsolecence, just like the Russian revolution. In the modern age, when it gets to the point that you can’t even allow citizens to have typewriters (lest they say something diagreeable about the dear leader), much less allow them access to the internet, you signed your own death warrant.

    Like

  26. Joe "Bobby" Alleyne November 29, 2016 at 5:18 PM #

    “Why do Westerners subscribe to the view that our system of government is better? Imagine China … “.

    Er … perhaps because it self-evidently is better. Just because 1.4 billion people have been programmed to regard the life of an ant as nirvana diesn’t meke it true.

    Like

  27. Dompey November 29, 2016 at 5:26 PM #

    Joe Bobby Alleyne

    Freedom is founded in the agency of self if you’re arguing that the Chinese people lacks the freedom which is analogous to that of the western concept of freedom.

    Like

  28. Sargeant November 29, 2016 at 10:34 PM #

    @Dompey
    So what! I haven’t read anywhere that Castro was influenced by the Marxist leninist ideology even when he was a student at Havana University.
    ++++++++++++
    You haven’t read it so it didn’t happen, who should we blame for your lack of exposure to meaningful topics?

    Like

  29. ac November 29, 2016 at 10:57 PM #

    In any event Castro might have the last word against imperialism in that his death has eclipsed the newly elected president of the USA symbolic of passing the baton.
    So far Donald Trumps antics and actions lend to be persuaded by actions closely in resemblance to that of an authoritarian by surrounding himself with loyalist and having a rogue distaste for freedom of the press
    His latest salvo is calling for jail sentence for anyone who burns the American flag
    Actions reminiscent of the 50 plus years of the dictator Fidel Castro with all the bells and trinkets

    Like

  30. are-we-there-yet November 30, 2016 at 12:06 AM #

    ac;

    Did you see and hear Mitt Romney tonight praising President elect Trump after discussing matters of state with him over dinner. It probably won’t happen, but the Donald should select someone else for the Sec. of State job and let Romney’s abject hypocrisy be exposed for all to see. One thing you can’t say about Castro; He was never a hypocrite.

    Like

  31. David November 30, 2016 at 12:18 AM #

    are-we-there-yet

    Are they not all members of the political class?

    When the Bilderberg, Vanderbilt, Rothschild and the Council on Foreign Relations meet -remember the late Gladstone Holder wrote about it all the time -are the political invitees determined by political affiliation? It is only the political partisans who buy in to the stories that are equivalent to scratch grain in value.

    Like

  32. ac November 30, 2016 at 12:39 AM #

    Trump is good at fooling the media . Romey has become like a toy to be used by Trump for media fodder. Trump has already made his decision .however i would agree that Trump is allowing Romey to expose his hypocrisy and all but got a public apology from Romey. Like the media Trump is playing both for fools

    Like

  33. Well Well & Consequences November 30, 2016 at 6:07 AM #

    http://ow.ly/NKrQ306F159

    It would be hilarious if the subjects were not so nauseating.

    Like

  34. Well Well & Consequences November 30, 2016 at 9:30 AM #

    http://ow.ly/BF9r306FnR8

    Chadster look…contrary to what you and others believe, if Trump wants to step in the front door of that white house…he gotta conform, or he is out, yall would cry..lol

    Like

  35. Well Well & Consequences November 30, 2016 at 3:57 PM #

    http://www.independent.co.uk/news/business/news/mark-carney-donald-trump-has-made-banks-more-vulnerable-and-could-cause-a-global-economic-slowdown-a7447091.html

    After all the fantasies fade away, reality is a funny thing.

    Like

  36. Realist November 30, 2016 at 5:04 PM #

    Cuba supplied vaccines to America through Canada. It has contributed a lot to global health care to mention one area to civilisation

    Like

  37. Well Well & Consequences November 30, 2016 at 6:10 PM #

    For a fact…Cuba’s research in medicibe and vaccines cannot be surpassed.

    The proof that politicians are deceitful liars and frauds and should not be believed or trusted at any time.

    http://ow.ly/kyJs306GEjg

    Like

  38. Zoe December 1, 2016 at 8:37 AM #

    “Crazy with fury, I will strain my rifle red while slaughtering any enemy that falls in my hands! My nostrils dilate while savoring the acrid odor of gunpowder and blood. With the deaths of my enemies I prepare my being for the sacred flight and join the triumphant proletariat with a bestial howl.” – Che Guevara, Motorcycle Diaries

    “Until July 26, 2008, Fidel Castro ruled Cuba with an iron grip for nearly five decades.”

    “Having seized power on January 1, 1959. Fidel Castro followed the tradition of Vladimir Lenin and immediately turned his country into a slave camp. Ever since, Cuba has distinguished itself as one of the MOST MONSTROUS HUMAN-RIGHTS abusers in the world.”

    “Half a million human beings have passed through Cuba’s gulag. Since Cuba’s total population is only around eleven million, that gives Castro’s despotism the highest political incarceration rate per capita on earth. Firing squads have carried out more than FIFTEEN THOUSAND EXECUTIONS. Torture has been institutionalized; myriad human rights organizations have documented the regime’s use of electric shock, dark coffin-sized isolation cells, and beatings to punish ‘anti-socialist elements,'”

    “Since Castro’s death cult, like other leftist ideologies, believes that human blood purifies the earth- and since manifestations of grief affirm the reality of the individual, and thus are anathema to the totality- mourning for the departed became taboo. Just like Mao’s China and Pol Pot’s Cambodia, Castro’s Cuba warned family members of murdered dissidents NOT to cry at their funerals.”

    “Cubans do not have the right to travel out of their country. They do not have the right of free association or the right to form political parties, independent unions, or religious or cultural organizations. A Committee for the Defense of the Cuban Revolution (CDR) governs every single city block and every agricultural production unit. the CDR’s purpose is to monitor the affairs of every family and report anything suspicious. A Cuban’s entire life is spent under the surveillance of his CDR, which controls everything from his food rations to his employment to his use of free time.”

    “A vicious RACISM against BLACKS accompanies this repression. In pre-Castro Cuba, blacks enjoyed upward social mobility and served in many government positions. In Castro’s Cuba, the JAIL POPULATION is 80 percent BLACK, while the government hierarchy IS 100 PERCENT WHITE.”

    “Cuban communism follows Lenin’s and Stalin’s idea of ‘equality’ wherein members of nomenklatura LIVE LIKE MILLIONAIRES, while ordinary Cuban’s LIVE IN UTTER POVERTY.”

    “Denied the right to vote under Castro, Cubans have voted with their feet. Pre-Castro Cuba had the highest per capita immigration rate in the Western hemisphere. Under Castro, approximately TWO MILLION Cuban citizens (out of eleven million) have escaped their country. Many have done so by floating on rafts or inner tubes in shark-infested waters. An estimated FIFTY THOUSAND to EIGHTY-SEVEN THOUSAND have lost their lives.”

    “Not content to trust the sharks, Castro SENT HELICOPTERS to DROP SAND BAGS onto the rafts of would-be-escapees, OR JUST GUN THEM ALL DOWN. Epitomizing this BARBARITY was the TUGBOAT MASSACRE of July 13, 1994, in which Castro ORDERED Cuban patrol boats to KILL FORTY -ONE unarmed Cuban civilians – TEN OF THEN CHILDREN- who were using an old wooden tugboat in their attempt to FLEE Cuba.” (UNITED IN HATE, The Left’s Romance With Tyranny and Terror, Jamie Glazov, pp. 47,48,50,51) Emphasis added.

    The above is just scratching the surface of the brutal, dictatorial, tyrannical, beastly RULE of Fidel Castro over Cuba and its people, a wicked, evil man, beloved by other LEFTISTS MISFITS, right here in B’dos and elsewhere, Oh, if Castro could speak right NOW, where he IS IN CONSCIOUS everlasting MISERY and TORTURE, beyond anything he gave to others.

    What RIP in WHAT!?

    Like

  39. David December 1, 2016 at 8:44 AM #

    Always curious to read those who criticize Castro for his racist policies. How does it stack with his foreign policy to support countries in Africa – military and health – for example? What about Mandela’s support?

    Like

  40. ac December 1, 2016 at 9:24 AM #

    Always curious to understand those who would applaud Castro benevolence to other countries but would not see or choose to look away at his indifference to his own people

    Like

  41. Vincent Haynes December 1, 2016 at 12:28 PM #

    Zoe

    Ah dat you……

    Yuh mean tuh say……you have arisen simply to curse someone who has done lots of positives and yes some negatives too on this earth,an actual living person who has made a more tangible mark than your mythological creatures…..wuhloss…yuh want tuh torture he….eternal damnation….wuh bout Bush&Blair?

    go back tuh sleep bozie

    Like

  42. David December 2, 2016 at 7:13 AM #

    President-elect Trump’s trade team takes shape: What implications for the Caribbean?

    by caribbeantradelaw

    Photo source: Pixabay Alicia Nicholls US President-elect Donald Trump’s trade team is starting to take shape. A successful billionaire himself, Mr. Trump has so far stayed true to his promise of selecting business people as opposed to the traditional career politician for most of his Cabinet and administrative-level choices, with the selection of billionaire private equity […]

    Read more of this post

    Like

  43. ac December 2, 2016 at 9:48 AM #

    What Carribbean nations should be mostly concerned is President elect Donald Trump show of force in action as he unveiled his most hostile economic policies against small and developing nations who relies on a unfettered free trade to build their economy
    Donald Trump bold faced moved to keep all jobs in america from going overseas smacks of a protectionism and smells of kinship to dictatorships
    The small developing nations would have more social and econmic struggles to fight as Donald Trump annex an america from the flight of golbalisation while shutting out those especially vulnerable and depending on econmic stabily from Western Nations. So Sad

    Like

  44. millertheanunnaki December 2, 2016 at 10:46 AM #

    @ ac December 2, 2016 at 9:48 AM
    “Donald Trump bold faced moved to keep all jobs in america from going overseas smacks of a protectionism and smells of kinship to dictatorships..”

    Isn’t that the same jingoistic nonsense spewed by a dead man with similar initials (D T) and his demonic lying party faithful against the Guyanese who were accused of working in Barbados for lower wage rates than native Bajans were prepared to accept?

    Can’t you recognize the marked similarity between the two sons (DT the devilish twins) of Satan?

    You guys have lived to regret it. The Bajan economy has not recovered since. Even Mr. Jones is asking the same unemployable Bajans to breed to create a pool of inbred imbeciles whose heads he will be unable to crack open to educate but certainly shoot.

    Your administration’s recent attempts at ‘rapprochement’ will not mean a hill of beans to the local economy.

    What would be the next chess move in the new Bajan/Guyanese entente cordial?
    Begging Guyana for a loan through the donation of rice and sugar to feed the thousands who will no longer able to buy rice because of the devalued Bajan dollar?

    What about Guyana accepting some of the thousands of the unemployed sitting on the blocks in Bim to work in the potential oil fields as many of the fore-parents did in Trinidad or at the Brooker pharmaceutical factory in the same British Guiana.

    But you can always call in your ‘worthless’ chips banked in the CMLCF.

    Like

  45. ac December 2, 2016 at 11:07 AM #

    Miller u never miss a beat to insert your ole recitation of political bull sh.it . Thompson is dead ole fart.Now u have Donald Trump who has and can influence and exgert more political power and influence world wide than a dead corpse

    Like

  46. Vincent Haynes December 2, 2016 at 12:24 PM #

    President of Guyana David Granger says he would welcome greater linkages between his country and Barbados.
    …………………………………………………
    Cuhdear the truth hurts…

    Miller

    You are quite correct the future of Bim lies in the discarded builders stone …..Guyana

    Like

  47. ac December 2, 2016 at 12:32 PM #

    Now is the time for Caricom heads of govt to lean in closely and take a closer look accessing the significant goals acheived and lessons learned from the Caricom experience
    But most importantly understanding the true meaning of strength in numbers and its value

    Like

  48. millertheanunnaki December 2, 2016 at 1:09 PM #

    @ ac December 2, 2016 at 11:07 AM
    “Miller u never miss a beat to insert your ole recitation of political bull sh.it . Thompson is dead ole fart.”

    Didn’t the miller refer to him as ‘a dead man’?D T is dead alright. Thanks to the obeah reverend called DD.

    So we noticed; just like CLICO and the chances of the policyholders ever recovering one blind cent.

    Check the ‘agricultural lands’ once owned by the same CLICO and tell us if you don’t see thousand of acres of graveyards just waiting for the internment of the bones of thousands of hungry-ass Bajans who might soon be forced to resort to cannibalism if the forex needed to import food cannot be earned or borrowed.

    Like

  49. ac December 2, 2016 at 1:45 PM #

    It would be interesting to see how Caricom heads of govt react to Donald Trump shot across the bow a signal and warning of his intentions to reign in s new gorm of goverance no matter where and who it hurts
    Small island nations must be ready and be prepared with as much intention and political grit to rightfully protect there own and not be cut off guard when the envitable happens similar to the global melt down in 2008
    Sufficient warnings and signals have been sent by Donald Trump in respect as to how he will make “things”right for ametica with little respect ir regards for small nations
    Mexico was the first who will be next is just a matter of time

    Like

  50. David December 2, 2016 at 4:38 PM #

    Like

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